News & Events


Aranyani strives for sustainable livelihood through integrated watershed approach with natural resource management with greater access and control by women. The major intervention taken during this year to meet the objectives were promotion of organic farming through Participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS), Watershed development programme, food and health security programme among the chronic malnourished tribals and strengthening of SHG federation

Watershed Development :

Restoring degraded Watersheds and bio-diversity of Similipal Bio-sphere. Integrated watershed development programs with focus on agriculture and non-farm activities for livelihood promotion. More focus has been given on gender sensitization with women's empowerment through various economic activities. We have implemented the integrated watershed program in 04 watersheds covering more than 2455.61 hectares of land catering to tribal households in terms of providing the livelihood support system in Mayurbhanj. The major activities of the natural resource management program is construction of Check dam, Drop structure, Gully plugging, water harvesting structure, Dug well, promotion of social forestry, Agro-forestry, Community Cashew & mango plantation, Training to SHGs / Users group, Farmers' on watershed management, income generation activities, Govt. Programmes/schemes, RTI Act, NREGS etc. Area of operation is one Gram Panchayats namely Podagarh of Jashipur block, Mayurbhanj district These efforts have been supported by EU, GAA, MISEREOR, , Broderlijk Delen, GEF/SGP, UNDP, , Govt. of India & Planning & Co-ordination dept of Govt. of Orissa

1. The economic impacts are evaluated in terms of changes in income distribution, employment, cropping pattern and productivity of different crops.

2. The crop yields mounts up because of the use of climate friendly agriculture practices i.e the organic farming in 50 villages and substantial increase in area under cultivation
     like in the current year 50 acres paddy has been planted and 33 acres other vegetables and this leads to rise in employment and reduction in migration of labour.

3. The higher productivity of crops and livestock and more employment generation will help in augmenting income and assets in the beneficiary village.

4. The benefits accrued from the watershed project encouraged the farmer to maintain and to undertake soil and water conservation measures.

5. The extent of land degradation can be checked that in turn will increase the production and productivity of crops

Soil and Water Conservation :

Various conservation measures have been done through Contour bunding, gully plugging and drop structure for the agricultural irrigation purposes in Mayurbhanj and Rayabada district. In Mayurbanj district Jashipur and Thakurmunda area has mainly three types of soil – Red laterite, Red soil, and sandy loam. The economy of the area is mainly dependent on agriculture. Irrigation facilities in this locality are not developed and the agriculture is depended on rain-fed. After a long intervention in the field of natural resource management, introducing new crop and new technology in the agriculture field, capacity building in farm and non-farm sector, market linkage, institution building and strengthening and convergence a lot of visible changes has occurred. Assured protective irrigation has been provided to 2800 acres of land benefiting 725 marginal households. 1388acres of land saved from massive soil erosion through Contour bunding, gully plugging and drop structure benefiting 698 small & marginal households.1143.3 acres of fallow lands utilized for production by 1000 farmers through bench terracing. Total 737 acres of degraded barren lands have been treated through crops providing round the year income to 724 families. Agro-production increased from 20% to 60% in upland during summer & Rabi Crop coverage has been increased from 40acres to more than 160acres during four years. Total 40 acres of vegetation has been increased inside degraded forests. Total 402.5 acres of lands have been covered through demonstration of various crops in last five years.

Horticultural Development :

People are now taking interest in the horticultural plantation activities like mango, lemon, cashew, amla, etc for individual and community plantation in the private and community land. Plantation programmes are done with the help state horticulture mission, Govt. of Orissa. This has been done altogether in 120hectares of land catering to more than 352tribal households in Mayurbhanj, Rayagada , Keonjhar and Cuttack. This has been done in last 3years and this has created impact. In most of the watershed horticulture promotion is the key activity. In most of the common land, the horticulture has been promoted in collective manner where group of farmers have been involved. Inter-cropping has been introduced where the horticulture has been promoted to give the maximum benefits to the farmers. Following are measures taken up within the watersheds.

Livelihood through NTFP Sector including Medicinal Plants :

Communities especially the tribals and dalits living on the forest fringe areas, who depend upon the forest to supplement their food and income security, are organized into forest protection committees and aggregation and collective marketing have been introduced of raw products. Value addition has been done especially the medicinal plants, Saal leaf plates stitching, honey collection and processing and Agarbati making. Effort has been made to conserve the degraded forests with higher biodiversity of NTFP, especially herbs, climbers, tubers especially the medicinal plants, which are frequently relied upon by the forest-dependent communities to meet their food, medicine and income needs. SAMABNDH has been able to organize around 15000 forest dependant persons of various communities across Odisha. For this work we have partnerships with Ministry of Rural development, MoEF, UNDP, GEF, ORMAS, ITC, FRLHT and NABARD.

SAMBANDH also works with the Forest Department, which is reorganizing to become more client oriented, and with village and watershed groups to address the wide spectrum of opportunities to improve forest/tree output from natural forest, plantations, woodlots and farm forests on private land, and individual trees on farms and around the homestead. It has helped to negotiate secure access by the poor to NTFPs through policy change, user groups, federations, processing centres and JFM agreements. By making existing farmland more productive, the project helps to stabilize the farm/forest frontier. The watershed approach helps to integrate trees, green manure, fuel and fodder within the farming system. The project emphasizes rights of access by the poor, women and girls, to government forests to sustainable extract fuel wood and NTFPs. Revenue Department or village commons where agriculture is impossible will be converted into individual or group managed silvi pastures for the poor. Local nurseries have been raised and propagate species, which meet the community's needs, including multipurpose species, grasses, NTFP species and trees of high calorie value.

Improving Productivity and Organic Agriculture :

Including the above Sambandh has promoted organic farming for sustainable agriculture. It gives emphasis on preparation of organic manure, organic pesticide, and organic seed treatment and promotes best traditional practice of agriculture. We have published newsletter, handbooks of organic farming for wide publicity of organic farming and adoption of organic philosophy by the common man. In order to promote, standardize and marketing of organic products we are popularize PGS (Participatory Guaranty system). This year we have promoted organic farming practice in 100 Acs of land (40 acres paddy and 60 acres tomato) in Jashipur block. Farmers have only used homemade organic manure and pesticide. In the field of agriculture maize become the commercialized crop and give maximum benefit to the farmers. The fallow land is being used for maize, tomato and pulses cultivation.