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Carbon-Rich Farming :

Abhipsa Program creates an unique opportunity to achieve "climate-friendly" landscapes which include, for example, conversion of non-agricultural degraded land into orchards, interconnected with natural habitats, that are managed to minimize greenhouse emissions and maximize the sequestration of carbon in soils and vegetation.

Block Plantation (in acres) Households Covered SHGs UVs
Thakurmunda 1116.5 1572 87 88
Karanjia 207 274 18 14
Total 1323.5 1846 105 102

Abhipsa programme assures the livelihood security of 1846 non-tribal households through Orchard development in 1323.5 acres in Thakurmunda and Karanjia blocks of Mayurbhanj district. The orchard comprises of mango and cashew also with vegetables and pulses. On the fences of each orchard sesham, soros tree, timbers and acacia have been promoted for the promotion of agro forestry. This project has demonstrated in impacts like ensuring self-employment, reduction in distress migration and sustainable livelihood models & improving the quality of life of tribals. Total 83 SHGs have been formed and they have adopted non farm activities like sal leaf stitching, goatary, poultry etc. Migration has been reduced by 60% . The Wadi family have also cultivated vegetables like pumpkin, Brinjal, spring gourd and tomato, which contributed an average income of Rs. 2000 to Rs. 8000 to each household. Medicinal plants have been planted which meets the primary health care needs of the family. Capacities building of the farmers and the women SHG groups have helped them to strengthen the institutional arrangement at the village level. Three strategies are especially promising to convert today's high emissions food production systems to "carbon-rich" farming systems. They are: enriching soil carbon, incorporating perennials in cropping systems, and promoting climate-friendly livestock production systems.